Addressable Fire Alarm Systems
What is an Addressable Fire Alarm System?
An addressable fire alarm system consists of a series of fire detectors and devices
connected to a central control panel with each device having a unique address. The devices include smoke detectors, heat sensors, alarm initiating devices, and fire notification devices. This interconnectivity allows the control personnel to identify the location where the initial detection occurred.
How Does an Addressable Fire Alarm System Work?
Addressable fire alarm systems are advanced configuration with a higher degree of
programming flexibility and single point detection. Each detection and notification device is connected to each other. Moreover, each device is connected directly to the central addressable fire alarm control panel which is continuously exchanging data at high speed to check on the functionality of each instrument. The control panel monitors the sensitivity level of each device connected to it. If for any reason a device does not respond, the control panel indicates a problem at that particular address. This helps the technicians from the fire alarm maintenance firm to immediately proceed to that particular location to fix the issue.
What is the Difference Between Conventional and Addressable Fire Alarm Systems?
There are two types of fire alarm installations, conventional and addressable fire alarm systems. It is important to understand the difference between these two systems and why one might be used over the other. The major difference between conventional and addressable fire alarm systems is the way they are wired to the central control panel. On conventional fire alarm systems, each detector is connected to the central control panel using a separate wire. Every device connected to the addressable system has its own unique address. When a fire is detected, the device’s address shows up on the central control panel. So, it is easy to find the exact location of a fire and extinguish them. This is not possible with conventional fire alarm systems. Conventional fire alarms are ideal for small buildings, such as homes, restaurants, individual offices and shops. Addressable fire alarm systems are essential for shopping malls, large buildings and campuses.
Benefits of Addressable Fire Alarm System
False Alarm Management
False alarms are often disturbing and expensive. Addressable fire alarm systemsoffer a high immunity to false alarms. Addressable systems allow air to be monitored through the detectors. So if air is contaminated, it sends a notification of a potential problem to the control panel. The device enables a pre-fire warning which is acknowledged at the central control panel and can be checked and serviced as early as possible.
Ease of Use
Unique and automatic addressing, USB interface,on screen assistance make addressable fire alarm systems more convenient to be programmed and operated. Addressable fire alarm systems are designed to detect problems instantly. All of the devices installed as part of an addressable fire alarm system connect to a single loop making it easier to add new devices to the existing system.
Addressable fire alarm systems can be remotely controlled using graphical monitoring and management software. This remote signaling enables the fire system to automatically alert the fire service when it detects fire. The user is also immediately informed about such events.
Each device in the addressable fire alarm system can be individually monitored and checked for faults. When the detector is compensated to its limit, the control panel sends alerts. The precise location of faults and single point disablement make the maintenance of the system much easie.
Addressable fire alarm systems are designed to discover fires in their early stage of development. So the emergency response personnel will get enough time for the safe evacuation of occupants. Thus the property loss and downtime for the operation is minimized.
Identify Exact Location
When a fire is detected, the device’s address shows up on the central control panel. Quick identification of the exact cause and location enables the local fire service to save time locating the fire and extinguish it faster reducing damage to life and property.
Addressable fire alarm systems are wired in a loop topology, which is basically a circuit that connects the system to other devices such as sprinkler systems, call points, and detectors. Limited cabling reduces the cost of wiring up the entire alarm system.
Detector settings can be programmed independently for any device, increasing the flexibility of the system. In addressable fire alarm systems, a device can be removed or disabled and it will not affect the other devices in the loop at all.
Addressable alarm system wiring is a loop connecting each device in the system. If one connection disconnects from the central control panel, the other end of the wire will still be connected. This provides increased reliability minimising the effects of a fault.
Addressable fire alarm systems are highly scalable. It enables the system to grow and expand as buildings change and life-safety needs evolve. An addressable alarm control panel can accommodate more devices so as to modify and upgrade the existing system.
Do You Need an Addressable Fire Alarm System?
Fire alarm systems are possibly one of the most important aspects of fire safety on our premises. Addressable fire alarm systems provide numerous benefits that conventional fire alarm systems cannot match, including speed of detection, identification of the fire location, easier maintenance, programming flexibility, and single point detection. Fire safety on commercial premises is a serious business. It is a worthwhile investment since false alarms disrupt the running of your business and in turn wastes valuable working time, money, and effort. Addressable fire alarms are more suited in such situations as they provide accurate and detailed information to the user and the service provider.
How Can Addressable Fire Alarm Systems Reduce False Alarms?
False alarms from fire detection and fire alarm systems are causing a huge problem nowadays. With the emergence of more fire alarm systems in residential and commercial occupancies, fire service personnels are receiving more notifications of activated fire detection devices from fire alarm systems. This could make service personnels refrain from attending emergency rescue operations.
Addressable fire alarm systems produce pre-fire warnings when the air in the detector is contaminated by dust. Such staged warnings could help you investigate the issue before it causes a false alarm. Addressable fire alarm systems are designed to detect such problems instantly and notify the emergency personnel of a developing fire situation.
Which is the Best Fire Alarm System for Your Business?
For shopping malls, large buildings, and campus, addressable fire alarm systems are invaluable. If you are planning a fire alarm system for your business, the key to choosing the right one is to look beyond the initial costs when evaluating the lifetime value of the system. Even small and medium enterprises are beginning to consider addressable fire alarm systems when it comes time to replace their existing setup for additional advantages that the newer technology provides. Addressable fire alarm systems allow us to know the exact cause and location of fire. This feature enables the user to save time in the efforts to find the source of a fire and take appropriate measures as early as possible.