For a new surveillance system, apart from choosing the security cameras, devices and software; security camera cables are equally important and often overlooked. The role of the cables is to transmit power and data without any losses.
For IP based surveillance systems we can either use Ethernet cables or fibre optic cables. The choice of cable depends on the location and requirements of the setup. Most likely the customers and distributors recommend Ethernet cables as the best available option. This is because the most popular CAT 6 ethernet cable has a performance of up to 250 MHz and is easy to install. These cables pose minimal hazard risks and are more affordable.
Comparing Ethernet with the fiber optic cables, the latter is always more reliable in terms of speed and security. It is also long lasting and requires less maintenance. But due to the up front cost of the optic cables, we might have to overlook these benefits. Though Ethernet cables require regular maintenance and are more susceptible, the surveillance industry mostly relies on the varied range of flexibilities it provides. Having said so, the fiber optic systems might soon be the future of transmission technology as it can support the ever increasing bandwidth needs and spacing requirements.
Choosing the right cabling really depends on the specifications of the project. In the current scenario unless the project requires a reliable long- distance transmission, an Ethernet cable should be able to work up to the requirements of the site.